Colin went forward to have a look which was very difficult at night in a big breaking sea, with a lot of noise from the sail flogging. Eventually we did manage to furl the genoa but with a twist in the middle section that meant the middle of the sail was still flogging. For some reason the spinnaker pole would not go back up its runner so I tied it down to the foredeck at the pulpit. We settled down for the night under reefed main along and a slightly flogging foresail still belting along at 6-7 knots. Because of the big sea the Duogen propellor got caught under the Aries wind vane and had to be pulled up . Malcolm and Andrew got up in the middle of the commotion and felt they were in a madhouse.
We were relieved to pull into Kralenddijk , harbour Bonnaire where we sailed under the lee of a cruise ship and managed to unravel the foresail quite easily in the reduced wind. We picked up our mooring and surveyed the damage. Only a couple of broken battens on the main and a foresail that was intact, a tribute to Jeckells the sailmakers and Steve and his lads from the Boatshed in Port Dinorwic who had told me I needed a tough sail.
Bonnaire is very well run as part of Metropolitan Holland. It survives on tourism and boasts unparalleled diving as it is surrounded by a coral reef. We picked up moorings opposite the centre of town. Anchoring is forbidden because of the coral. We headed in on the dinghy and had a beer and lunch at Karens bar. It was interesting to be addressed in Dutch, although being Dutch they immediately switched into perfect English.
|View of Karen's bar from our mooring|
|Is he a Mod or a Rocker?|
|Stragglers..... near mutiny in the midday sun!|
|Flamingos, spot the dots!|
We hired scooters one day and toured the island. The soil of the interior is pretty stony with dried out coral supporting short scrubby thorn and acacia trees with loads of different cacti. The land has been overgrazed by goats with tree felling reducing any canopy further. In the North of the island there is a conservation park . We went on a walk for two hours in the middle of the day passing ancient stone walls made from broken off coral. Because of the sharp edges of the coral it holds together rather better than the stone we use in North Wales.
We saw blow holes where the sea came through a gap in the coral and sent a spout of water through a hole in the ground, and found some flamingos wading around feeding in a shallow inlet. There were lots of lizards and iguanas some of whom were quite tame. One even gave Malcolm a lick, he must have mistaken him for a large fly!
In the south of the island lie enormous salt pans that stretch for miles . Water is evaporated off sea water by a combination of heat and wind , then great machines go in and scrape of the salt which is stacked in great salt mountains prior to shipping. In the days of slavery, slaves were kept in tiny huts near the salt pans and they worked in blistering heat scraping the salt of the beds.
|Malcolm gets up close|
We set off for Santa Marta in Columbia , a journey of some 450 nautical miles on Wednesday 22 January. We started slowly because we were in the lee of Bonnaire, but have been in 20-25 knot trade winds for a day. As we are going almost dead downwind the motion is quite rolly which makes cooking difficult , however tomorrow Friday we should be able to gybe onto port tack and head down the Colombian coast for Santa Marta where the wind will be 30knots according to the GRIB files. So far an enormous fish broke the rod holder and pulled off the trace, we were buzzed by a coastguard plane presumably looking for drug smugglers, and Andrew our electronics wunderkind has fixed the speaker switch so we can watch the hobbit film in the cockpit after dinner at night. The Duogen propellor is charging well which means we no longer have to run the engine to charge the batteries at night .
|Approaching Santa Marta in 35 knots of wind!|
Sierra Nevada in the far distance.
We reached Santa Marta on Saturday afternoon. We were treated to a magnificent view of the Sierra Nevada from the sea with snow clad peaks rising above the clouds to 12,000 feet poking through the clouds. The wind also funnels off this northern edge of the Andes giving us a bit of a roller coaster ride with winds gusting to 35 knots on the approach to Santa Marta. We tied up on a Saturday and although the office was closed the security guys shook us all by the hand, showed us around and arranged an agent. Everyone here smiles, helps us patiently with our minimal Spanish, and appear genuinely happy.
The town is a busy working city. If you ask the way people go out of their way to help you. Prices are very reasonable , Malcolm and I got a haircut for about £4 each, and the beef is to die for.
As you go further West the cruising community comes into its own. We know everyone on our pontoon and met everyone else at a pot luck supper on Monday night. Mike and Ineka ( an English couple) like it so much they have been here for months.
The main square is dominated by a statue of Simon Bolivar the liberator of many countries in South America from the Spanish yoke at the turn of the century. On the same square lies the museum which tells the story of the South American Indian tribes who were displaced by the conquistadors from the coast and moved into the mountains rejecting all contact with the Spanish and maintaining their own languages and culture, oblivious to the outside world to this day. Their skills in working gold to make religious artefacts is legendary and recently a whole lost Indian city has been discovered.
On Tuesday we took a communal taxi called a collectivo an hour into the foothills of the Sierra Nevada to a place called Minca. We walked through Santa Martas main market to pick up the taxi. There were stalls for everything. If your fan,fridge,generator anything else breaks down in Columbia you don't get a new one but take it to one of these guys who either cannibalise old ones or make new parts or electrical windings in small workshops on the street. The collectivo was an old Nissan Patrol jeep . We picked up tax less fuel from behind a small store on the way .
|Its all about beans, Victoria coffee plantation|
|air is heated to assist the drying process|
|Two old beans ready for the sack!|
On arrival in Minca we transferred to the back of motorbikes for a run up to the Victoria coffee plantation. This place was built by an Englishman in the late 19th century, and is now owned by a German. All the machines were water powered with elaborate fans and pulleys probably similar to water powered mills in Lancashire. They even had a small hydroelectric plant which supplied electricity to 20 homes on the mountain. The machinery is so sophisticated it takes just two men to run the plant when everything is in full swing. The pickers arrive when the coffee beans are ready to be plucked from 70 hectare and then sent down pipes from high on the mountain. They can earn about35 US dollars a day. After fermenting,removing the husks and roasting we tasted a grade 1 cup of coffee. As Malcolm said it tasted just like coffee!
|water driven turbine|
|bathing in the river falls|
|Sunset viewed from our hostel|
|our dorm in Minca|
|best not to overdo it|
|The rejects from HMS Tenby!|
On the way back down we took a stroll to a waterfall where it was incredibly refreshing to swim in the pool and get showered by cold water straight from the top of the Andes. We stayed in a backpackers hostel called Casa lomo which you reached by climbing a steep path and as you puffed into view you were greeted by a man holding a glass of iced water. That evening we watched the sun go down over the mountains had a communal meal with our fellow guests and retired to a room full of hammocks covered by mosquito nets. 45 years ago Malcolm and I slept next to each other in hammocks as sea cadets in the mess deck of HMS Tenby. At the time he got me into hot water by nudging my hammock into my neighbours a big thug. I regret to say he was still up to his old tricks
In the morning Colin and I set off on a farm visit to see Miguel and his family. It's a walk of some3 kilometres and we were guided up by Mannie his son. It's an exhausting climb and the path to the farm is so steep not even a mule can get up. It was sobering to realise the family made the trip up and down every day without thinking about it. On the way we met Mannies mother who looked incredibly fit after 10 children. Who needs gyms when you've got a mountain to climb.
Miguel farmed on 7.5 Hectares. He had a few hens , turkeys and goats. However his main income was from the coffee plants supplemented by bananas, papayas, cocoa, avocados and Mangos. His family had built the house from tropical hardwood that they had felled and sawed with the aid of a chain saw and a small saw bench. He cooked on a fire covered with a clay and reinforced mesh top. Although he had electricity he had virtually no machinery as the place was too steep. No car or motorbike, no tractor or harvesting machinery. Coffee beans were pounded with a large pestle and mortar to open the husks and the husks were shredded off with a bicycle powered shredding wheel. Miguel was obviously happy and content with his lot
but it gave a whole new dimension to the phrase "earning a hard living"
|Miguel prepares our lunch|
|grinding coffee beans|
|busy in the kitchen|
|walking back from the farm past bamboo|
|..and having a root around!|
In the family room there was a large electric fridge. We asked how they managed to get it up the mountain we had struggled to climb. Four of his sons had done it by strapping it onto poles and carrying it on their backs ! After lunch we watched Columbian bull fighting on the family TV. As well as the gauchos on horseback in the ring there were numerous DIY bullfighters on foot who were quite frequently gored and then trampled by the bull. Life is cheap in South America.
On 30 January , we took a four hour bus ride down to the ancient walled city of Cartagena . We stayed in a place just outside the walls and strolled in the afternoon sunshine through the wall down colonial streets overlooked by beautiful wooden balconies to the palace of the inquisitions opposite the cathedral. Here we had an in depth explanation of the methods used during the Spanish Inquisition . All it took was for someone who didn't like you to shove an anonymous accusation through a window and they would come and get you. The rack, thumbscrew, garrotting and even more horrible methods were used to extract your confession after which you were killed slowly. All your property and land then passed to the Church. Almost nobody went in there and came out innocent. The Conquistadors and the Cardinals worked hand in hand in ensuring gods holy work was done. Protestants Jews and Muslims all got the treatment although they were occasionally allowed to convert. If you were epileptic you were spread on a wheel and beaten to get the devil out, a universally fatal procedure. It was no wonder that the Creoles( (South American born Europeans) revolted under Simon Bolivar to create a republic and throw off their Spanish oppressors,and their religious policed state.
|nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!|
|The great Cervantes who wrote Don Quixote in Cartagena|
Prior to the walls a series of English and French fleets had sacked the city. Drake, Hawkins and Henry Morgan the Welsh " privateer " to name but a few. Drake was the most notorious wreaking havoc on both the Atlantic and Pacific sides of theSpanish Main . He sailed through the straights of Magellan north of Tierra del Fuego to get into the pacific and took the Spaniards completely by surprise. His fleet eventually departed sailing on through the pacific and around the Cape of Good hope to reach England. All the ships were ballasted with Spanish Gold. Queen Elizabeth took a half share which was equivalent to one third of England's GDP at the time. Contrary to popular legend she got the French Ambassador to knight Drake on the deck of the Golden Hind just to ensure the French weren't going to gang up with the Spaniards.
The city also boasts a magnificent gold museum which demonstrates the remarkably rich and sophisticated culture of the South American Indians . They panned gold from the river beds and wrought it into delicate artefacts often using the lost wax technique which consisted of pouring molten gold into a cast of clay and beeswax often carved into a mesh pattern synonymous with their belief that we humans are mere specks floating along in the weave of life. Their agriculture was also sophisticated as they diverted the rivers into narrow channels surrounding large beds on which they grew their crops.
|Cathedral in the distance|
|The anonymous window where denunciations were posted on horseback|
|Happiness to guilt in one easy lesson!|
We returned to Santa Marta to a storm and have delayed our departure for 24 hours to allow the wind to ease. Next stop Colon Panama where Peter Quilliam will be waiting for us